Insula - A Latvian Memoir
Brief History of DP Assembly Center “Insula”
In 1945 after the end of
World War II in Germany, there were about ten
million homeless people. Millions were of different European countries occupied
by the Nazi military forces and who had been brought here as foreign laborers
or refugees fleeing from the advancing Soviet Forces.
Displaced Person Assembly Center was established in October of 1945 when
several hundred Latvian refugees were moved from Bruckmühl near Bad Aibling to
Strub near Berchtesgaden
where eight, slightly unfinished buildings had been planned and constructed as
a sports school for the Federation of German Girls. Located in the most
picturesque Berchtesgadener Land
deep in the Alps of southern Bavaria, it became a home to
some 700 Latvian refugees for the next four years.
In 1949, most of the refugees of Insula had been resettled to various countries. Remaining refugees were transferred to Traunstein and other refugee camps within the region.
The Center was closed November 30, 1949. International Refugee Organization of the United Nations established a home for refugees who could not immigrate to other countries because of their age and chronic ailments. Contractors completed renovation work in one year and it was dedicated as Altersheim Insula on May 6, 1951. It is operated as an assisted care facility for the elderly and retaining the original name of Insula.
From DP Camp to Senior Care Center
Displaced Persons Assembly Center, closed November 30, 1949
Altersheim Insula, dedicated May 6, 1951